A Pregnant Physical Therapist’s Top Tips for Your Healthy Pregnancy

Navigating the pregnancy literature on proper posture, exercise and sleeping alignment can be overwhelming and the guidelines presented are often not a “one size fits all”. Afterall, everyone’s pregnancy is unique. Below you will find some quick and easy tips that I utilized and found helpful throughout my pregnancy that kept me fit, aligned and pain free throughout my work day as a physical therapist at EMH.

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PelviCorFit™ by EMH Physical Therapy Grand Opening

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Have you been working out for years, but neglecting a crucial muscle group??

At EMH Physical Therapy we recently launched our brand new PelviCoreFit™ program designed to whip your pelvic floor muscles into shape. Proper firing of pelvic floor muscles is not only essential for pelvic health but is also a key factor in overall core strength and fitness.

Visualize this:

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The pelvic floor muscles form a sling that transmit forces from the ground up and from your head down. If pelvic floor muscles are weak and unaccustomed to firing during exercise, you could be promoting a faulty movement pattern in the chain. Neglecting the Pelvic floor muscles can potentially lead to more serious conditions such as chronic hip, back or pelvic pain, urinary or fecal incontinence, GI and bowel disorders, and erectile or sexual dysfunction. At EMH Physical Therapy we will help you identify and strengthen the pelvic muscles during your general workouts to help prevent future dysfunction!

Additionally, did you know that the pelvic floor muscles play a fundamental role in breathing through connections to the diaphragm?  Think about doing cardio, executing a heavy lift, or performing a Vinyasa flow with a sub optimal breathing pattern. Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles can improve breathing which will help to optimize your workout efficiency.

Come try out our discounted  PelviCoreFit™ program, learn about proper activation of the pelvic floor muscles and bring your workouts to the next level!

We offer 2 options:

“PelviCorFit™ #1” – One fifty minute session with a DPT + Fitness Guru that includes 15 minute pelvic floor/core education followed by a 30 minute PelviCorFit™ workout, then Q&A. Regular price is $200. New Client price is $50

“PelviCorFit™ Pack” – Three (3) fifty minute sessions with your DPT + Fitness Guru. The first session is similar to the description above. The 2 follow up sessions include 45 minute PelviCorFit™ workouts plus instruction on how to implement pelvic floor awareness into your fitness program. Regular price is $500 for 3 sessions. New Client price is $130

To register call 212-288-2242

or

email info@emhphysicaltherapy.com

For more information click here

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“Cupping”: not just for Olympians

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Were you watching the Olympics this summer wondering about those red circles on Michael Phelps’ shoulders? Those marks, called “sha,” are from an ancient Chinese healing technique known as “cupping.

Cupping has been around for over 5,000 years. It’s practitioners stated it released toxins and helped correct imbalances in the flow of energy.

There were two cupping types: dry and wet. Dry cupping is performed when a glass bulb with a smooth rounded lip is suctioned onto the skin via heat. Either a cotton ball is lit on fire and used to generate heat inside the cup, or alcohol is rubbed around the rim and lit on fire before being placed on the skin.

The heat inside the bulb generates a vacuum like effect, producing a negative pressure on the connective tissue or fascia under the skin pulling the skin upwards (1).

The resulting  “sha” are painless broken skin blood vessels which heal in 3-7 days.

Wet cupping was administered in the same way, except the skin is slit prior to application to allow blood to escape (2).

This method is rarely used today.

Myofascial Decompression – cupping in the 21st century

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The modern application of cupping by physical therapists is known as “myofascial decompression.”

The purpose of myofascial decompression is to:
  • reduce adhesions, scar tissue of skin and connective tissues
  • restore normal mobility
  • improve efficiency of movement.

Instead of glass bulbs, hard plastic cups are used and instead of heat generating a vacuum, a hand pump suctions the skin. This allows for a more precise application of pressure.

The application of cupping is done with the “cup” device left in place for 5 – 10 minutes or slowly moved back and forth over the restricted area.

How can we – non super-human species – benefit?

While more studies are needed the literature thus far shows some positive effects from myofascial decompression (3), including decreased neck (4) and low back pain (5).

Empirically, we at EMH Physical Therapy observe that the cupping technique combined with functional movements reduces pain and releases tight tissues quicker for patients with painful cesarean scars, plantar fasciitis, scoliosis and other conditions.

Keep in mind that cupping is an adjunct treatment, used alongside other types of manual therapy, therapeutic exercise and neuromuscular re-education at the discretion of your physical therapist.

References

1. Kravetz, R.E., 2004. Cupping glass. The American Journal of Gastroenterology 99, 1418.
2. Xue, C.C., O’Brien, K.A., 2003. Modalities of Chinese medicine. In: Leung, P.-C., Xue, C.C., Cheng, Y.-C. (Eds.), A Comprehensive Guide to Chinese Medicine. World Scientific, Singapore, pp. 19–46.
3. Cao H, Han M, Li X, Dong S, Shang Y, Wang Q, et al. Clinical research evidence of cupping therapy in China: a systematic literature review. BMC Complementary & Alternative Medicine 2010;10:70.
4. R. Lauche, H. Cramer, K. -E. Choi et al., “The influence of a series of five dry cupping treatments on pain and mechanical thresholds in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain—a randomised controlled pilot study,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 11, article 63, 2011.
5. Y. D. Kwon and H. J. Cho, “Systematic review of cupping including bloodletting therapy for musculoskeletal diseases in Korea,” Korean Journal of Oriental Physiology & Pathology, vol. 21, pp. 789–793, 2007.

 

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How to Foam Roll Most Major Muscle Groups in 5-10 Minutes

Don’t you wish you could get a deep tissue massage every day? If you said “yes!” then I highly recommend you make a small investment in your own foam roller.

I foam roll every time I go to the gym because it’s the easiest way to self-release all of the major muscle groups. Foam rollers act on the fascia, or connective tissue, that lies above all muscles and organs of your body. When you use a foam roller, you’re making the fascia mobile, which ensures all structures underneath will function without restrictions.

When ordering remember: darker colors usually mean a firmer roller. If you are a beginner try white or a light color. If you want a deeper, firmer tissue massage go with dark grey or black.

Check out my quick video that hits most major muscle groups in just a few minutes. Happy rolling!

SOLUTIONS FOR CHRONIC PAIN

PAIN IS IN THE BRAIN
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A staggering 100 million people in the USA suffer with chronic pain, a higher number than those diagnosed with cancer, diabetes and heart disease.  Chronic pain patients suffer because they  feel like they are not believed by medical professionals especially when many test results are negative, the medications don’t make a significant difference and their doctors don’t know what else to do.

Medications or even surgical procedures alone may fail in treating chronic pain as retraining pain requires a multifaceted approach to achieve results.

Recent research reveals that Pain is in the Brain. The faulty processing of danger signals by the brain and it’s decreased ability to modulate or manage the signals received from nerves is the reason for persistent pain.  Having a variety of solutions that the patient implements concurrently may reap the best results.

( Visual infographic explaining chronic pain from behance.com)

PAIN PERCEPTION

Pain perception in a healthy body is good. It prevents us from fully burning our fingers on the stove, stepping on a nail, etc.  The way pain perception works is that the receptors in our skin/body send danger signals through nerves to the spinal cord which then sends information to the brain where the pain is “perceived.” The brain instantaneously interprets the signals as either safe or dangerous depending on your past experiences.

BRAIN CONTROLS PAIN

The brain has areas that are dedicated to our awareness of pain and areas that determine our “experience” of pain.  The healthy brain has flexible pathways and neurotransmitters that can “down modulate” or stop the danger signals. The neurotransmitters  are the “happy chemicals” that our bodies naturally produce, (e.g. serotonin, endorphin & enkephalin). They actually BLOCK pain/danger signals to the brain. “We have a drug cabinet in the brain that’s 18 to 33 times stronger than morphine” says David Butler, PT, GDAMT, M.SPP.SC (1).  There are a number of ways to  increase production of neurotransmitters.

data-brain
CIRCUITS BUILT IN YOUTH BECOME THE SUPERHIGHWAYS OF YOUR BRAIN

A recent study of chronic pain patients found 90% reported early childhood rejection by a primary caretaker, an unmet need for closeness and psychological interpersonal trauma (2). Feelings of rejection impairs the body’s ability to lower or  “down modulate” and leads to hypersensitivity to pain.

These patients also reported difficulty in expressing emotion as they did not trust the people who took care of them. Science shows that interpersonal psychological distress and pain share the same neurotransmitters, genetic and immune markers. As babies, we are initially consumed by bodily distress then, as we grow, we feel safe and trusting and we develop a higher order of emotional expression and regulation. Over time, these pathways in the brain become like superhighways so when chronic pain patients experience negative interpersonal trauma, sensitivity to pain is heightened too.

BRAIN RETRAIN PROGRAM

Find your team of health professionals who can partner with you on your pain retraining program:

  • EDUCATE yourself on the recent science of pain (www.retrainpain.org
  • EXERCISE to boost the happy chemicals in the brain, improve your body’s ability to produce anti-inflammatory cells, increase nerve growth factor, stimulate the cerebellum and cortex of the brain which prevents pain signals from being received, move the muscle and fascial tissue.  Exercises can include any cardiovascular activity like 30 minutes of brisk walking along with a stretching, yoga, Pilates program – find what makes you feel good and “Just Do It”.
  • BREATHE  and MEDITATE –  do 5 minutes of deep slow breaths 1x a day to physiologically quiet and calm the nervous system, Follow this by saying some positive Affirmations that help you feel good.
  • MANUAL THERAPY  by either a physical therapist or any body worker who helps you feel relaxed or energized.  Myofascial release, massage, and joint mobilization therapies restore motion and allow normal function. It releases trapped nerves that travel through tight muscles and fascia and helps your body to move freely
  • NUTRITION – consult a nutritionist to find the best low glycemic (lowers body inflammation), high Omega 3 diet, adequate protein intake to synthesize neurotransmitters and repair muscle.   Drink half your body weight in ounces of water for efficient metabolism and to turn off histamine which reduces inflammation and pain
  • TALK – whether individual, group therapy or via forums, research shows that talking about your situation helps you feel less isolated and can create more positive superhighways in your brain while you journey to healing

References

  1.  Treating Pain Using the Brain – David Butler, PT, GDAMT, M.SPP.SC – YouTube
  2. Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment of Somatizing Neuropsychiatric Disorders By and )
  3. Body in Mind – the role of the brain in chronic pain by Prof. Lorimer Mosley –  You Tube

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Strong Abs during Pregnancy and for New Mom’s

The staff Doctors of Physical Therapy at EMH specialize in pre and postpartum physical therapy for a healthy pregnancy and a fast recovery after delivery. Preventing Diastasis Recti is one aspect of our expertise.
Please forward to all your pregnant/new mom friends and family!

Diastasis Recti Abdominis (DRA) can occur in up to 66% of pregnant women due to hormones that allow ligaments and joints to relax, the increasing baby size in utero, improper weight lifting (ie heavy food bags, other children, furniture etc), a history of prior C-section or abdominal surgery and repetitive poor mechanics during daily activities and lack of regular exercise.

Men can also develop DRA due to faulty weight lifting mechanics, obesity and chronic medical conditions that result in frequent coughing such as bronchitis.

What is a DRA?

DRA is defined as the separation and thinning of the rectus abdominus muscles (see diagram in green) and stretching of the linea alba (see diagram in blue). The linea alba runs from the xiphoid process (base of sternum) to the symphysis pubis (center of pelvic bone). Both the rectus abdominus muscle and linea alba are the main support for the front of the abdomen, keeping the visceral organs in place and functioning well. They also maintain pelvis stability during walking, lifting, bending and squatting.

What are the symptoms of DRA?

Symptoms may include:

  • Noticeable small or large bulge in the center abdomen
  • Sharp or burning abdominal pain during bending, lifting, standing and walking
  • Lower back pain
  • Feeling like the intestines or stomach may fall out
  • Poor posture
  • Longer term problems of prolonged DRA may include Stress Urinary Incontinence, Fecal Incontinence and Pelvic Organ Prolapse.

How To Measure for a DRA?

The best way to measure is a finger width measurement. Lie on your back, knees bent, head resting on floor/pillow. Place tips of 4 fingers across the body at naval or just above/below the naval per your comfort. Now raise your head and shoulders slightly upward. If your fingers descend inbetween the parallel rectus abdominus muscles on either side of your naval, measure how many fingers move downward. If there is a true split of the linea alba, your finger will fall into a space that feels squishy (your intestines live here!). A positive DRA is one where there more than 2 fingertips (1 inch or 2.5cm width) that lower. We have measured women with 3 to 4 inches ( 8cm) wide and have helped them narrow back to 1 inch (2.5cm) wide.

 

What to Do if you have a DRA?

Best to first consult a pelvic physical therapist for a tailored postural, stabilization and home exercise program targeting the Tranversus Abdominus (deepest and lowest muscle of our abdomen), the pelvic floor muscles and the multifidi muscles (lower back stabilizers). Here are some tips to help you immediately:

  • Avoid positions that may further separate the recti muscles, like doing sit ups, crunches, strong stretches of the abdomen, quick trunk rotation movements
  • Stand and sit symmetrically (not to weight bear more on one side vs the other)
  • During standing, gently unlock your knees and gently pull your stomach inward while breathing normally
  • Self bracing of your stomach with your hands pushing the rectus together when sneezing, coughing or laughing
  • Wear a pelvic and abdominal support product to help maintain erect trunk posture and decrease pain until your muscles are aligned and strong

 

 

Sitting is Detrimental To Your Health

“In the interest of keeping our  current and prior patients healthy (and happy) I am pleased to introduce “EMH Physical Therapy Better Health & Movement Blog”

Today ‘s article is about posture. The key to a healthy spine, pain free neck and lower back is to maintain a neutral spine throughout the day, work or play.

EMH Physical Therapy offers manual therapy to release restrictions,  low level laser therapy to stimulate healing and tailored exercise programs. Yes, we still offer individual 45 minute treatment sessions by one licensed Doctor of Physical Therapist.

The-health-hazards-of-sittingWritten By: Lauren Calado, DPT, PT 

Our bodies have 650 muscles and their function is to contract, stretch, fire up… MOVE.

Did you know that more than 80% of us sit for over 10 hours a day? As technology in the work-place and at home increases, physical activity is rapidly declining.

A New York Times article reported, “Jobs requiring moderate physical activity, which accounted for 50 percent of the labor market in 1960, have plummeted to just 20 percent” (2011). Add on more time dining, watching television and more than 75% of your day could be spent sitting. This is a functional contradiction to human anatomy and physiology and has a negative impact on your health.

The health risks of prolonged sitting include low back pain, muscle weakness, impaired posture, neck/shoulder pain, nerve impingements, decreased flexibility and pelvic floor dysfunction. Other disorders that may develop as a result of long periods of sitting are decreased cardiovascular endurance, obesity, poor circulation and decreased life span. Yikes!

Tips to decrease the health risks of sitting:

• Take one flight of stairs up/down instead of taking an elevator to your floor destination
• Walk to a co-worker to talk instead of calling/texting/emailing
• Stand up during TV commercials
• Perform a few different core/strength exercises such as standing squat, push up, or an abdominal exercise 10 reps twice a day.
• Wear one of the new fit bracelets to track your walking or cardio results
• Park your car further away from the office or your house
• Enter/Leave the subway station that is one stop away versus the closest station to home/work

Research shows that your brain needs a movement break after 50 minutes of working, thinking, sitting. Get up for the last 10 minutes of each hour to take a walk, pet the dog, do a quick errand. Your brain will be refreshed and creative thinking will be enhanced.

If you are experiencing sitting related problems, consult a physical therapist. Physical therapists have 7 years of education in advanced anatomy and physiology, movement science and interventional healing therapies. The Direct Access law allows you to consult a PT first, so you don’t have to see a doctor, get a prescription and be referred to physical therapy. We can help you heal from sitting related dysfunction.

 

Diastasis Recti Abdominis (DRA) or “Split Seams” can be treated by Pelvic Physical Therapy

Diastasis Recti Abdominis (DRA) can occur in up to 66% of pregnant women due to hormones that allow ligaments and joints to relax, the increasing baby size in utero, improper weight lifting (ie heavy food bags, other children, furniture etc), a history of prior C-section or  abdominal surgery and repetitive poor mechanics during daily activities and lack of regular exercise.

Men can also develop DRA due to faulty weight lifting mechanics, obesity and chronic medical conditions that result in frequent coughing such as bronchitis.

What is a DRA?

DRA is defined as the separation and thinning of the rectus abdominus muscles (see diagram in green) and stretching of the linea alba (see diagram in blue).  The linea alba runs from the xiphoid process (base of sternum)  to the symphysis pubis (center of pelvic bone).  Both the rectus abdominus muscle and linea alba are the main support for the front of the abdomen, keeping the visceral organs in place and functioning well.  They are also maintain pelvis stability during walking, lifting, bending and squatting.

What are the symptoms of DRA?

Symptoms may include:

Noticeable small or large bulge in the center abdomen

Sharp or burning abdominal pain during bending, lifting, standing and walking

Lower back pain

Feeling like the intestines or stomach may fall out

Poor posture

Longer term problems of prolonged DRA may include Stress Urinary Incontinence, Fecal Incontinence and Pelvic Organ Prolapse.

 

How To Measure for a DRA?

The best way to measure is a finger width measurement.  Lie on your back, knees bent,head resting on floor/pillow. Place tips of 4 fingers across the body at naval or just above/below the naval per your comfort.  Now raise your head and shoulders slightly upward. If your fingers descend inbetween the  parallel rectus abdominus muscles on either side of your naval, measure how many fingers move downward.  If there is a true split of the linea alba, your finger will fall into a space that feels squishy (your intestines live here!).  A positive DRA is one where there more than 2 fingertips (1 inch or 2.5cm width)  that lower.  We have measured women with 3 to 4 inches ( 8cm) wide and have helped them narrow back to 2.5cm width

 

What to Do if you have a DRA?

Best to first consult a pelvic physical therapist for a tailored postural, stabilization and home exercise program targeting the Tranversus Abdominus (deepest and lowest muscle of our abdomen), the pelvic floor muscles and the multifidi muscles (lower back stabilizers).

Here are some tips that you can do immediately:

Avoid positions that may further separate the recti muscles, like doing sit ups, crunches and quick trunk rotation movements.  Avoid being on “all fours”  or on hands and knees for too long during exercise classes.  Assuming the yoga, “cow position” where your belly drops down as your head and hips arch upwards,  puts too much pressure on the already stretched linea alba.  Plus, the yoga position of  “Up dog” and extensive backward bends are not recommended.

Stand and sit symmetrically in good posture  (don’t stand on one leg or sit with crossed legs leaning on one hip for too long)

When you are standing, gently unlock your knees and pull  your stomach inward while breathing normally to give abdominal  support and prevent “hanging out” on your ligaments

When you sneeze, cough or laugh you you can self bracing of your stomach with your hands pushing each side of the rectus abdominal muscles towards the midline, or hold a pillow against your stomach for bracing

Wear a pelvic and/or  abdominal support product to help support the growing baby in uteruo , maintain erect trunk posture and decrease pain until your muscles are stronger by doing core exercises.

By keeping your core toned during pregnancy and taking the steps to prevent further widening of your recti muscles, you can prevent extensive DRA.

 

 

Pelvic physical therapy is an effective non invasive treatment for Pelvic Organ Prolapse vs “high risk” transvaginal mesh surgery

The FDA recently deemed use of transvaginal mesh surgery to be “high risk” to repair pelvic organ prolapse.  See news link below:

http://www.philly.com/philly/health/womenshealth/HealthDay687309_20140429_FDA_Moves_Female_Incontinence_Device_to__High_Risk__Status.html

Pelvic physical therapy is a more effective and non invasive option.

In a 2014 study of 800 women with pelvic floor dysfunction (which includes pelvic organ prolapse) by University of Missouri, researchers found that ” incontinence, constipation, and/or pain improve by 80% with pelvic physical therapy”. Research shows that pelvic physical therapy plus a prescribed home exercise program works better than just engaging in one option.

Pelvic physical therapy teaches patients with pelvic organ prolapse how to build up the “floor” or muscular base of the pelvis. The pelvic floor muscles provide the main support for all pelvic organs. Kegels alone are not the only treatment option. If there is tension in the pelvic floor muscles, they need to to be released via manual therapies or risk further dysfunction. Sitting posture and good voiding habits are addressed, exercises are prescribed and body awareness improved.

EMH Physical Therapy has been providing successful pelvic physical therapy for 18 years in NYC. We have helped thousands of women return to better function. Call us today to get your prescription for pelvic health.

Evelyn Hecht PT receives award for 20 years as member of HSS Rehab Network

Evelyn-Hecht individual-HSS-Annual-Meeting

Evelyn Hecht, PT receives an award from Hospital for Special Surgery on February 25, 2014.

Her company, EMH Physical Therapy was recognized for 20 years of excellence as a Charter Member of the HSS Rehabilitation Network